Insolvent Company Rescue
Winding up: an alternative
When a company has value that would be lost if it were wound up, preserving that value may be possible, even if a winding up petition has been presented.
A Company Voluntary Arrangement (CVA) or administration may be required, but these can both be temporary procedures. They can allow a company to emerge with value remaining in its business and assets. Crucially, agreement will need to be reached with creditors for this approach to work. If there is really no prospect of creditors supporting a proposal despite the loss of value that liquidation would entail, forced sale asset realisation and complete loss of shareholder value may be difficult to avoid.
A company that can be made profitable and cash generating when relieved of its debt burden may well benefit from a CVA. If creditor pressure is severe – but negotiable – the CVA may need to be preceded by administration. In such circumstances the purpose of the administration is to gain protection from individual creditor actions with a view to having the company continue as a going concern. The exit route from administration would be through the CVA.
If a winding up petition has already been presented, the administration may need to be opened by a secured creditor (if there is one with a qualifying floating charge) or by an application to court. Either way it may not be too late to save the company if the situation is addressed quickly.
Insolvent Company Rescue – a case study
In this example, we successfully arranged an administration and a CVA for a company that a creditor was petitioning the court to wind up. The result was that the company survived and is now trading normally.
The directors of the FCA (previously the FSA) registered company had been trying to defend a winding up petition, but saw they could not put off the petitioning creditor any longer. When they contacted Mercer & Hole we identified that they should seek to use the moratorium provided by putting the company into administration to protect the value of the company’s business and assets.
The company had only very limited tangible assets, a few unlisted shares and some potential income under informal agreements. Its valuable asset was its FCA registration.
We established an administration strategy to rescue the company as a going concern through a CVA. One of the directors was interested in refinancing the company and anticipated being able to negotiate with sufficient creditors to persuade them to accept a CVA proposal. Given the apparent depth of the company’s insolvency, this appeared ambitious, but it was the only way to generate sensible realisations from the company’s assets. The FCA registration could not be transferred and would only have value to the company itself. Any exit mechanism from administration other than a CVA would lose the value of the principal asset.
In order to preserve the registration, it was necessary for the company’s registered activity to continue and, by using the directors’ knowledge and experience and by subcontracting operations to a related company, we were able to undertake sufficient activity to satisfy the FCA. Naturally, a good deal of work went into ensuring compliance with FCA regulations, but it did eventually pay off as the business generated a modest income and we wer e successful in retaining the FCA registration.
It became necessary to raise further funds by selling the company’s residual assets (again to the director’s related companies) and this was done with the specific agreement of the creditors’ committee. They recognised that any strategy other than seeking to maintain and extract value from the company’s FCA registration would lead to there being no return at all to creditors.
The negotiations to persuade creditors to accept the CVA proposals were protracted and the administration lasted almost two years. Finally, we paid a lump sum to those creditors who were not prepared to exchange their claims for equity.
The key to this successful rescue was the director’s ability to persuade a sufficient majority of creditors to accept a CVA proposal. This is the basis of any CVA, but in this case the negotiations were facilitated by the administration moratorium. It prevented certain initially aggrieved creditors from taking action against the company. Two years was a long breathing space during which the company was restructured financially, however the company has now concluded its CVA and is trading normally once again.
If you would like us to provide you with any help, guidance or assistance in dealing with a winding up petition, please contact us on 020 7236 2601.