Pre-Budget Report 2008 - Tax relief for business expenditure on cars
As expected, the rules for capital allowances on cars are to change from April 2009 (1st April for companies and 6th April for unincorporated businesses). The rate of capital allowances will be determined by the CO2 emissions figure for the car rather than its cost. Cars with emissions up to 160g/km will be added to the main capital allowances pool and attract writing down allowances of 20% per annum on a reducing balance basis. Cars with emissions over 160g/km will go into the special rate pool with only 10% writing down allowances.
The relief for the cost of hiring or leasing cars is also set to change. At present the leasing costs are restricted if the original price of the car exceeds £12,000, with the amount of restriction increasing as the price of the car increases. From April 2009 the disallowance will be a flat 15% of the leasing costs for cars with emissions over 160g/km. For less polluting cars there will no restriction regardless of the price of the car.
The new rules give rise to a potential planning point for unincorporated businesses, which should ensure that all 'company' cars have some element of private use. By doing so, the cars will not fall within the pools mentioned above and balancing allowances will be available when the cars are sold - this is likely to accelerate the tax relief available.
Date: 25th November, 2008
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